Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)


Internal combustion engines are gadgets that create work utilizing the results of the burning of liquids as opposed to a heat transfer medium.


To create work, the combustion is completed in a way that produces high-pressure ignition products.

These products can be expanded through a turbine or piston.

The designing of these high-pressure factor frameworks presents various highlights that significantly impact the influence of the formation of pollutants.

Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

Types of internal combustion engines

There are three significant types of internal combustion engines being used today:

(1) the spark-ignition engine, which is utilized basically in cars;

(2) the diesel engine, which is utilized in huge vehicles and mechanical frameworks and;

(3) the gas turbine, which is utilized in airplanes because of its powerful/weight proportion and stationary power generation.

Constructional Features of IC Engine

Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

The cylinder of an IC engine establishes the essential and supporting part of the engine power unit.

Its significant function is to give space in which the piston can work to draw in the fuel combination or air, compress it, permit it to expand.

In this manner, it produces power.

The cylinder is normally made of high-grade cast iron.

At times, to give more noteworthy strength and wear resistance with less weight, chromium, nickel, and molybdenum are added to the cast iron.

Parts of the internal combustion engine


Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

The piston of a motor is the first segment to start the movement and to send power to the driving tod.

This is because of the pressing factor and energy created by the burning of the fuel.

The piston is closed on one side and open on the opposite side to allow a direct connection of the connecting rod and its free action.

Piston Rings:

Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

These are made of cast iron because of their capacity to retain bearing characteristics and flexibility uncertainly.

The essential function of the piston rings is to hold pressure and simultaneously lessen the cylinder wall and piston wall contact area to a base.

It reduces friction losses and excessive wear.

The other significant elements of piston rings are the control of the greasing up oil, cylinder lubrication.

It also transmits heat away from the piston and the cylinder walls.

Their function is to control the appropriation of the lubricating oil to the cylinder and piston surface to forestall inordinate oil utilization.

Piston Pin:

Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

The connecting rod is associated with the piston through the piston pin.

It is made of hardened alloy steel with a precision finish.

There are three unique strategies to connect the piston to the connecting rod.

Connecting Rod:

This is the association between the piston and crankshaft.

The end interfacing the cylinder is known as the small end and the opposite end is known as the big end.

The big end has two parts of a bearing bolted together.

The connecting rod is made of drop forged steel and the section is of the I-beam type.

Crankshaft :

Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

This is associated with the piston through the connecting rod and converts the straight movement of the cylinder into the rotational movement of the flywheel.

Engine Bearings:

The crankshaft and camshaft are supported on anti-friction bearings.

These bearings should be equipped for withstanding high speed, hefty burden, and high temperatures.

Typically, cadmium, silver, or copper lead is coated on steel back to give the above qualities.

For single cylinder vertical/horizontal engines, the current trend is to utilize ball bearings instead of main bearings of the thin shell type.



Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

To permit the air to go into the cylinder or the exhaust, gases to escape from the cylinder, valves are given, known as inlet and exhaust valves respectively.

The valves are mounted either on the cylinder head or the cylinder block.


The valves are worked by the activity of the camshaft, which has separate cams for the inlet, and exhaust valves.

The cam lifts the valve against the pressing factor of the spring and when it changes position the spring shuts the valve.


Facts About Internal Combustion Engines (IC Engines)

This is normally made of cast iron and its essential function is to keep up uniform engine speed via helping the crankshaft through the intervals.

The size of the flywheel changes with the number of cylinders and the sort and size of the engine.

It likewise helps in adjusting rotating masses.

Victor Eromosele @ EngineeringAll.com

Victor is a graduate of Industrial Engineering with vast hobby in sharing knowledge to others.

As a Science, Technology, and other related field enthusiast , he loves to write and share information relating to engineering and technology fields, science and environmental issues, and Technical posts.

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