The Cost of Building a Poultry House in Nigeria: A Guide

The Cost of Building a Poultry House in Nigeria: A Guide

The Cost of Building a Poultry House in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide

Here’s a guide to knowing the Cost of building a poultry house in Nigeria. Poultry farming has become a lucrative business venture in Nigeria, given the country’s increasing demand for poultry products. However, one of the key considerations for aspiring poultry farmers is the cost of building a suitable poultry house. Understanding the expenses involved in constructing a poultry house is crucial for effective financial planning and ensuring the profitability of the venture. In this article, we will delve into the various factors that influence the cost of building a poultry house in Nigeria and provide a comprehensive guide for potential poultry farmers.

Factors Affecting the Cost

  • Location and Land Size

The first consideration when determining the cost of building a poultry house is the location and land size. Urban areas often have higher land prices, while rural areas may offer more affordable options. Additionally, the size of the land required will depend on the scale of your poultry operation. A larger farm will require more land, leading to higher costs.

  • Design and Structure

The design and structure of the poultry house significantly impact its cost. Poultry houses can be built using various materials such as wood, bamboo, or metal. Each material has different costs associated with it. Additionally, the type of housing system you choose, such as deep litter, battery cages, or free-range, will also affect the overall expenses.

  • Labor Costs

The cost of labor is another significant factor to consider. Skilled labor is required for constructing a poultry house, and the cost may vary depending on the region and the experience of the workers. It is crucial to engage experienced workers to ensure the construction is done efficiently and effectively.

  • Equipment and Infrastructure

To operate a poultry farm, you will need various equipment and infrastructure. They include feeders, drinkers, ventilation systems, lighting, and waste management systems. These additional costs should be factored into the overall budget for building a poultry house.

  • Utilities and Services

Access to utilities, such as electricity and water supply, is essential for a functional poultry house. The cost of connecting to these utilities, as well as ongoing expenses for electricity and water usage, should be considered.

Calculating the Cost

To estimate the cost of building a poultry house, let’s consider a medium-scale poultry farm with a capacity of 5,000 birds. The costs provided here are approximate and can vary based on location and individual preferences.

  • Buying of chickens and chicks

All investments are made with this in mind. The price range for a day-old chick should be between N500 and N1,000. For grown chickens, the price should be around N3,000 per bird at wholesale; of course, the cost will vary depending on the stage of the chicken, the breed, and the time of year the bird is purchased. Undoubtedly, during the holiday season, poultry products are more expensive.

  • Land

Depending on the location and land size required, the cost can range from ₦500,000 to ₦2,000,000.

  • Design and Structure

The cost of constructing a standard poultry house for 5,000 birds can range from ₦2,000,000 to ₦5,000,000, depending on the materials used and the complexity of the design.

  • Labor

Labor costs for construction can vary, but an estimate of ₦500,000 to ₦1,000,000 should be considered for a project of this scale.

  • Equipment and Infrastructure

The cost of equipment and infrastructure can range from ₦500,000 to ₦2,000,000, depending on the quality and quantity required.

  • Medication and Feeding

This is a crucial expense that is taken into account when determining the price of poultry products. Feed and medication costs have a direct impact on the cost of poultry products. Both the wholesale and retail prices of the poultry bird are impacted by high feed prices.

Although there may be homemade feeds, the cost of feeding is not always affordable. However, a general budget for feeding is up to 15,000 per month for 50 birds. The price of medicine is a significant additional expense. Birds are susceptible to diseases, some of which are transmissible or communicable from one bird to another. As a result, the birds must always be subject to strict health monitoring.

This keeps the poultry industry afloat; otherwise, a high bird mortality rate increases the likelihood of the company failing. Therefore, a sizable portion of the funds should go toward treating and immunizing the birds. A veterinarian might occasionally be required. Up to N15,000 should be allocated for the treatment and vaccination of 50 birds.

  • Security Cost

The cost of security is another expense that should be taken into account. This includes the necessary precautions taken to safeguard the birds and prevent their removal, whether due to theft or the discovery of their disappearance. Therefore, wire gauze protection would be required, adding to the building’s cost.

The use of a padlock and sturdy doors are additional security measures. Another is protection from dangerous animals like snakes. Chickens are a draw for some snake species. Regular precautionary snake-repellent spraying or the planting of specific snake-repelling flowers should be done around the building. Typically, it wouldn’t cost much; N5,000 should be enough to cover the cost of 50-bird poultry.

  • Utilities and Services

Connecting to utilities may cost around ₦200,000, while ongoing monthly expenses for electricity and water can amount to ₦50,000 to ₦100,000 per month.

Overall, the estimated cost of building a poultry house for a medium-scale farm with a capacity of 5,000 birds in Nigeria would range from ₦3,700,000 to ₦10,700,000.


Building a poultry house in Nigeria involves various costs that must be considered to ensure a successful and profitable venture. Factors such as location, land size, design, labor, equipment, infrastructure, utilities, and ongoing expenses play a significant role in determining the overall cost. It is crucial to conduct thorough research, consult experts, and create a detailed budget before embarking on the construction process.

Moreover, it is essential to remember that the cost estimates provided in this article are approximate. But they can vary based on individual circumstances. Therefore, it is advisable to obtain quotes from multiple sources. You can also adjust the figures based on the specific requirements and local market conditions.

By carefully analyzing and planning for the expenses involved in building a poultry house, aspiring poultry farmers in Nigeria can make informed decisions, optimize costs, and lay a solid foundation for a successful and profitable poultry farming operation. 

Victor Ochijele

Victor Ochijele is a Biochemistry graduate skilled in SEO, WordPress, keyword research, and writing. He also brings experience in computer science, offering valuable insights to others.

With strong research and editing abilities, Victor creates engaging and memorable content. He enjoys playing football during his free time.

Overall, his passion for writing, combined with expertise in biochemistry and computer science, allows him to effectively communicate complex ideas.

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