How Wind Turbines Work


To know how wind Turbines work let us, first of all, understand what the wind turbine is all about. A wind turbine is a machine that converts the wind’s kinetic energy into electrical energy. Wind turbines are fabricated in a wide scope of sizes, with one or the other flat or vertical tomahawks.

How Wind Turbines Work


How Wind Turbines Work
How Wind Turbines Work

Most wind turbines comprise three cutting edges mounted to a pinnacle produced using cylindrical steel. There are more uncommon assortments with two sharp edges, or with cement or steel cross-section towers. At 100 feet or more over the ground, the pinnacle permits the turbine to exploit quicker wind speeds found at higher heights.

Turbines get the wind’s energy with their propeller-like edges, which act similarly to a plane wing. At the point when the breeze blows, a pocket of low-pressure air structures on one side of the cutting edge.

The low-pressure air pocket at that point pulls the edge toward it, making the rotor turn. This is called a lift. The power of the lift is a lot more grounded than the breeze’s power against the front side of the cutting edge, which is called drag. The mix of lift and drag makes the rotor turn like a propeller.

A progression of cogwheels increments the pivot of the rotor from around 18 unrests every moment to approximately 1,800 cycles each moment – a speed that permits the turbine’s generator to deliver AC power.

A smoothed-out nook called a nacelle houses key turbine segments – ordinarily including the cogwheels, rotor, and generator – are found inside a lodging called the nacelle. Sitting on the turbine tower, a few nacelles are huge enough for a helicopter to arrive on.

Another key segment is the turbine’s regulator, which keeps the rotor speeds from surpassing 55 mph to keep away from harm by high breezes. An anemometer ceaselessly gauges wind speed and communicates the information to the regulator.

A brake, likewise housed in the nacelle, stops the rotor precisely, electrically or powerfully in crises. Investigate the intelligent realistic above to become familiar with the mechanics of wind turbines.

Types of wind turbines

There are two basic types of wind turbines:

  1. Horizontal axis turbines :

This is usually what people have in mind when it comes to wind turbines. It has three blades and operates “upwind” with the turbine pivoting at the top of the tower so that the blades face into the wind.

How Wind Turbines Work

2. Vertical axis turbines :

This comes in many forms including the eggbeater style darrieus model, invented by a French man. The turbines are omnidirectional, meaning that they don’t have to be adjusted to point into the wind to operate.

How Wind Turbines Work
How Wind Turbines Work


Wind Turbines are applied in diverse areas from tackling seaward wind assets to creating power for a solitary home:

.How Wind Turbines Work

  • Large wind turbines, regularly utilized by utilities to give capacity to a lattice, range from 100 kilowatts to a few megawatts. These utility-scale turbines are regularly assembled in wind ranches to create a lot of power. Wind homesteads can comprise a couple or many turbines, giving sufficient capacity to a huge number of homes.
  • Small wind turbines, as much as 100 kilowatts, are ordinarily near where the produced power will be utilized, for instance, close to homes, broadcast communications dishes or water siphoning stations. Little turbines are now and again associated with diesel generators, batteries, and photovoltaic frameworks. These frameworks are called crossover wind frameworks and are commonly utilized in far off, off-lattice areas, where an association with the utility matrix isn’t accessible.
  • Offshore wind turbines are utilized in numerous nations to bridle the energy of solid, reliable breezes found off of coastlines. The specialized asset capability of the breezes above U.S. beachfront waters is sufficient to give more than 4,000 gigawatts of power or around multiple times the producing limit of the flow U.S. electric force framework. Albeit not these assets will be created, this addresses a significant chance to give capacity to profoundly populated waterfront urban communities.


Donald Asindi @

Donald has been a well-known researcher on topics relating to engineering and science as well as other topics. is one of the platforms he uses to interact with his royal audience as a hobby.

Though his posts may not be everything you need in certain topics, he promised to use research and personal experience to give you his best .

You can subscribe to our email form below my post to get regular updates regarding Donald’s posts.

You can also use the ‘FOLLOW US’ buttons to follow on its social media pages by typing @ EngineeringAlls in any of the social media search form.

Be part of our growth by sharing this post to your friends using the buttons provided below. Your comments and feedback will be welcomed and we will be glad to hear from you.


Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!