Before the discovery of electricity in 1873 by Alexander Lodygin, man used different means of lightings from bonfires to candlelight to torches and so on.

Man’s need for power has increased exponentially evident in his inventions of electric bulbs, Generators, neon lights etc. However recent misuse or overuse of these have led to the destruction of many of nature’s wonders. This has led to the need to convert to green renewable energy forms like solar energy which is the sun’s energy.

With the advent of modern technology, Solar systems are now used in place of petrol & diesel engines and generators.


Solar systems are made up of solar panels with a mounting system on which the solar panels place the bulk of their weight on, and a solar inverter with which to convert the energy gotten from the sun into electricity which is now circulated and used and also a computer-controlled controller system.

Solar panels produce DC electricity from the sun while the inverter now converts the electricity generated into AC current which is now used in the household. The computer-controlled controller system operates the solar system and ensures maximum performance. Also a battery backup system is required if you want an off-the-grid solar system in the case of cloudy weather.



These steps will help you as an individual to safely install a solar system with minimum stress and maximum effectiveness

  1. Select suitable place for installation.

Most times, the most suitable place for installing solar panels is the roof of your house due to its close proximity to the sun. Also you can install them on the ground if access to the roof is not possible. It should be installed where is suitable for you for better functionality.

  1. Install a scaffolding.

This helps especially for safety purposes. Do not put speed in installation over safety of your life. Scaffolding is a precaution against falls and other hazards associated with installations.

  1. Install the solar panel mounting system.

Solar panel mounts take on the bulk of the weight of the panels when mounted. This must be done with accurate precision to give the panels optimum exposure to sunlight at a range of 18-40 degrees.

  1. Install the solar panels.

Mount the solar panels on the mounting system already installed and also make sure it fits with all the screws and bolts and is stable on the mounting structure.

  1. Wire the panels.

Fit the installed panels with electrical wiring, cables and connectors particularly the most suitable one available like the MC4 connector which comes with a male and female connectors. These are most suited for all types of solar panels.

  1. Connect the solar inverter.

Solar inverters convert the DC current generated from the panels to AC current which you can use. Connect them to the inverters and mainly close to the solar panels outside or inside the house. If inside, install in places with cool temperatures like store-rooms or garages for maximum effectiveness.

  1. Connect the solar inverter to solar battery.

The solar battery used should have good battery lifespan that lasts 20-35 years and round trip efficiency with a high capacity and high power rating to make it last long.

This helps in cloudy and wet situations when not much energy is harnessed due to the weather.

  1. Link the solar inverter with the consumer unit.

This should be done so that electricity for use in your house to power your appliances and devices. Also a generation meter can be connected to the unit to manage the amount of electricity expended and which is suitable for which sort of appliances.

Now you can switch it on and test the installed solar panel system. Cool right?



Maintenance is cheap though after covering costs of installation.

  1. Check for small dirt on the panels every 6 months per year and clean by hosing with cool water at cool times of the day.
  2. Remove anything blocking its absorbing of energy from the sun.
  3. Have your installer check your solar panel system every 3-5 years for maximum effectiveness.

Installing a solar panel can be so much fascinating and a good way to get rid of incessant power outages and also a good way to stay at the top of your game.

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