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Undergraduate engineers advance shock wave mitigation investigation

A team of undergraduate engineers at UC San Diego has discovered a method that could create materials extra resilient against massive shocks such as earthquakes or exploding. The students, conducting investigation in the structural engineering lab of Professor Veronica Eliasson, used a shock tube to generate powerful exploding nearby the tube—at Mach to be exact, meaning faster than the fastness of sound. They then used an ultra-high-speediness camera to capture and analyze how materials with certain patterns fared.

Passed investigation from Eliasson’s lab had revealed that obstacles laid out in a logarithmic spiral—picture a Nautilus shell spiraling within and within—were better able to diminish the power of a shock wave and reduce overall damage than once arranged in other patterns. The students took that a step further, testing whether cutting three grooves into each side of their rectangular obstacle materials would be an even better attenuator of the shock once likened with similar obstacles laid out in a logarithmic spiral however with no grooves.

They found that these grooves did indeed diminish the effects of what’s called the reflected shock wave—once the early wave has hit the spiral of obstacles and bounced back. Results were inconclusive for the early transmitted shock wave. The undergraduate students reported their findings in the paper Multiscale and Multidisciplinary Modeling, Tests and Design.

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This investigation have to be used in military applications and civil applications too, to design materials and buildings to better withstand high-intensity blasts, noted Christina Scafidi, one of the authors of the paper and a structural engineering graduate.

Scafidi is interning for DCI Engineers in San Diego this summer before returning to the Jacobs School of Engineering to earn a master’s in structural engineering this fall.

The coal industry has had many fatal accidents and we believe this investigation presents a robust case for protecting the employees from blast waves that have to easily propagate throughout an entire coal mine, added Alexander Ivanov, a recent aerospace engineering graduate and co-author of the paper. If the entire wall of the coal mine could be lined with these solid geometric obstacles, it could create available cheap way to secure all of the employees in the mine.

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Ivanov, Scafidi, Nicolas Fassardi and Tal Shemen, all undergraduate engineering students who graduated in June, had to meticulously arrange the shock wave tests, ensuring that not only the materials were aligned correctly in addition to tube pressurized exactly right, nonetheless nevertheless ensuring that the mirror and lens system they used to capture the outcomes on the high-speediness camera was in place, too.

Ultra-high-speediness cameras in Professor Veronica Eliasson’s lab in the Department of Structural Engineering captured what happened once grooved obstacles were used to attenuate a shock wave.

The students would head into lab early in the morning to try and run their tests with as few people in the building as possible.

Every day we’d acquire to lab actually early because applying the shock tube was quite loud—it creates this reverberation that is loud even with ear protection on, Scafidi noted. So we’d run tests before most people came.

Some of the students—like Scafidi and Fassardi—had hoped to acquire involved in investigation as undergraduates, although neither anticipated they’d be able to do so as sophomores, which is once they commenced working in Eliasson’s lab.

I strategized on getting involved in investigation as an undergrad however this opportunity came sooner than I had expected, as I still had two years left of my undergrad and thought that I would be a better investigation candidate the following year, noted Fassardi, an aerospace engineering student. However this opportunity was perfect because our paper was publicized just two weeks after graduating college!

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Fassardi will be working for Lockheed Martin Space in Sunnyvale commencing in August.

‘I desired to join a lab however I didn’t be conscious that majoring in structural engineering you had so many options’, Scafidi noted. I thought it would be mostly civil design. So joining Eliasson’s lab revealed me you have to tailor your degree toward so many additional items—shock wave investigation, structural health monitoring. I have to apply what I learned in her lab throughout my career.

For Ivanov, who hadn’t strategized on undertaking investigation, the knowledge was challenging, rewarding, and ultimately influential—he credits working in Eliasson’s lab with his choice to pursue a graduate degree. He’ll return to UC San Diego in the fall to work toward a master’s degree in mechanical and aerospace engineering.

More data: Alexander Ivanov et al, Shock wave attenuation applying rigid obstacles with large- and small-scale geometrical features, Multiscale and Multidisciplinary Modeling, Tests and Design . DOI: .s—

Citation: Undergraduate engineers advance shock wave mitigation investigation , September retrieved September from https:physnews–undergraduate-advance-mitigation.html

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