Giving you personal and shared information on science, technology, technical & Investments in Nigeria

THE REASONS FOR MODERN INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION AND ITS OUTSTANDING BENEFITS

Automation seems like a word in modern engineering, but it had been in existence the moment humans start to understand what engineering is all about. Though early automation may have a different meaning to the modern automation. The early automation was carried out using cams, linkage system, and pulleys, to make works easier and in some cases self-actuating.

Historically, Egypt and other popular nations were using bulls and other animals for mills, plows, and other machines. In some term, such can be seen as automation even though it is not similar to the modern age of artificial intelligence.

The use of cams and mechanized method followed next in the automation system, until the current use of computer written programs.

Advertisement

The new automation method has not only cleared the doubt in full industrial automation, it has also created confidence to everyone and brought respect to the engineering sector. Industries now see reasons to automate their operations than doing otherwise. There are many advantages industrial automation can offer in the modern industrial systems where quality and speed are vital issues.

Organizations and industries employ robotic system because of the following reasons:

Advertisement

PRODUCTION COMPETITION

Automation of the manufacturing operations increases the productivity of labor, resulting in greater output per hour of labor input. Also, higher production rates output per hour are achieved with automation than with the corresponding minimal operation. It makes it easy to stand out in the current market competitions where speed and batch production is very important.

COST OF LABOR

Though everyone fear about the loss of job automation can create, it will, on the other hand, lead to a substantial reduction of prices of finished goods. The reason can be traced to the few laborers on the manager’s list, leading to low cost of labor and subsequent reduction in the prices of finished products. The trend in the industrialized societies of the world has been toward ever-increasing labor costs. Consequently, higher investment in automated equipment has become economically justifiable to replace manual operations. The high cost of labor is presently resulting to substituting machines for human error. Since machines can produce at higher rates of output, the use of automation results in a lower cost per unit of product.

LABOR SHORTAGE

Automation is another way of handling shortage in human workers especially in some job categories where only a few professionals can be found. Some advanced nations may not have enough human forces to carry out all the industrial activities. Automation has become a substitute for a shortage of workers.

LABOR TREND TOWARDS THE SERVICE SECTOR

Automation of manufacturing jobs has caused a shift of the workforce employed in manufacturing to the service sector. However, there are also social and institutional forces that are responsible for the trend. The growth of government employment at the federal, state and local levels has consumed a certain share of the labor market which might otherwise have gone into manufacturing. Also, there has been a tendency for people to view factory work as tedious, demeaning and dirty. This view has caused them to seek employment in the service sector.

INDUSTRIAL SAFETY

Another reason for automation is to create a safe working environment free from accidents usually caused by human factors. Work is made safer when operations are automated and operators are transferred from active participation to a supervisory role. The safety and physical well-being of workers can be improved using automation.

THE COST OF RAW MATERIALS

Advertisement

Efficiency is very important in the modern industrial and the efficiency must include proper control and utilization of raw materials used for production in a way of minimizing waste.

Raw materials cost high due to the higher demands from the increasing numbers of industries across the globe. Therefore, the industries need to improvise their available raw materials in order to cut down the total cost of production which may help in a lower price of the finished products. Such an idea is ideal for serious market competition.

PRODUCT QUALITY

There is no doubt that the modern industrial automation has greatly helped manufacturers in the making of quality products. Since machines do almost everything in the production line, errors are minimized, leading to uniform and neat products. In the making of engine or machine parts, accuracy is highly recommended which the previous method of using humans find it very difficult to maintain but automation has made it possible for over hundreds of a machine part to be produced with uniformity in every aspect, thereby, maintaining the set accuracy in the automation.

TIME FACTOR

To meet up with the modern industrial completion and market demands, time management is very important. Automation offers industrialist a good opportunity to manage their time properly and be able to predict any quantity intended for a given period of time. Automation has helped in the massive production of goods leading to a reduction of price.

THE COST OF MANUAL PRODUCTION

The benefits of automation often show up in intangible and unexpected ways, such as improved quality, higher sales, better labor relations, and better company image. Companies that do not automate are likely to find themselves at a competitive disadvantage with their customers, their employees, and the general public. Several factors act together to make manufacturing automation a feasible and attractive alternative to manual methods of manufacture.

IN-PROCESS INVENTORY

A significant cost is incurred by the manufacturer when large inventories of work-in-process are held because it ties up capital. In-process inventory is of no value. It serves none of the purposes of raw materials stock or finished product inventory. Accordingly, it is to the manufacturer’s advantage to reduce work progress to its minimum. Automation tends to accomplish the goal since it reduces the time products spend in the factory.

LABOR ACTIONS

Some countries may be having problems of unions created by labor force usually in the form of strike actions, and other major activities leading to the closure of the factories. Automation could serve as an option in ensuring 24 hours production with only a few human supervisors.

Originally posted 2018-09-30 11:50:47.

Advertisement
Advertisement
Spread the love
  • 1
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
    1
    Share
Advertisement

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Advertisement
WP2Social Auto Publish Powered By : XYZScripts.com
error: Content is protected !!