seems like a word in modern , but it had been in existence the moment humans start to understand what is all about. Though early may have a different meaning to the modern . The early was carried out using , linkage system, and , to make works easier and in some cases self-actuating.
Historically, Egypt and other popular nations were using bulls and other animals for mills, plows, and other . In some term, such can be seen as even though it is not similar to the modern age of .
The use of and mechanized method followed next in the system, until the current use of computer written programs.
The new method has not only cleared the doubt in full , it has also created confidence to everyone and brought respect to the sector. now see reasons to their operations than doing otherwise. There are many advantages can offer in the systems where quality and speed are vital issues.
Organizations and employ system because of the following reasons:
of the manufacturing operations increases the productivity of labor, resulting in greater output per hour of labor input. Also, higher production rates output per hour are achieved with than with the corresponding minimal operation. It makes it easy to stand out in the current market competitions where speed and batch production is very important.
COST OF LABOR
Though everyone fear about the loss of job can create, it will, on the other hand, lead to a substantial reduction of prices of finished goods. The reason can be traced to the few laborers on the manager’s list, leading to low cost of labor and subsequent reduction in the prices of finished products. The trend in the industrialized societies of the world has been toward ever-increasing labor costs. Consequently, higher investment in automated equipment has become economically justifiable to replace manual operations. The high cost of labor is presently resulting to substituting for human error. Since can produce at higher rates of output, the use of results in a lower cost per unit of product.
is another way of handling shortage in human workers especially in some job categories where only a few professionals can be found. Some advanced nations may not have enough human forces to carry out all the industrial activities. has become a substitute for a shortage of workers.
LABOR TREND TOWARDS THE SERVICE SECTOR
of manufacturing jobs has caused a shift of the workforce employed in manufacturing to the service sector. However, there are also social and institutional forces that are responsible for the trend. The growth of government employment at the federal, state and local levels has consumed a certain share of the labor market which might otherwise have gone into manufacturing. Also, there has been a tendency for people to view factory as tedious, demeaning and . This view has caused them to seek employment in the service sector.
Another reason for is to create a safe working environment free from accidents usually caused by human factors. is made safer when operations are automated and operators are transferred from active participation to a supervisory role. The safety and physical well-being of workers can be improved using .
THE COST OF RAW MATERIALS
Efficiency is very important in the and the efficiency must include proper control and utilization of raw materials used for production in a way of minimizing waste.
Raw materials cost high due to the higher demands from the increasing numbers of industries across the globe. Therefore, the industries need to improvise their available raw materials in order to cut down the total cost of production which may help in a lower price of the finished products. Such an idea is ideal for serious market competition.
There is no doubt that the modern industrial automation has greatly helped manufacturers in the making of quality products. Since machines do almost everything in the production line, errors are minimized, leading to uniform and neat products. In the making of engine or machine parts, accuracy is highly recommended which the previous method of using humans find it very difficult to maintain but has made it possible for over hundreds of a part to be produced with uniformity in every aspect, thereby, maintaining the set accuracy in the .
To meet up with the completion and market demands, time management is very important. offers industrialist a good opportunity to manage their time properly and be able to predict any quantity intended for a given period of time. has helped in the massive production of goods leading to a reduction of price.
THE COST OF MANUAL PRODUCTION
The often show up in intangible and unexpected ways, such as improved quality, higher sales, better labor relations, and better company . Companies that do not are likely to find themselves at a competitive disadvantage with their customers, their employees, and the general public. Several factors act together to make manufacturing a feasible and attractive alternative to manual methods of manufacture.
A significant cost is incurred by the manufacturer when large inventories of work-in-process are held because it ties up capital. In-process inventory is of no value. It serves none of the purposes of raw materials stock or finished product inventory. Accordingly, it is to the manufacturer’s advantage to reduce progress to its minimum. tends to accomplish the goal since it reduces the time products spend in the factory.
Some countries may be having problems of unions created by labor usually in the form of strike actions, and other major activities leading to the closure of the . could serve as an option in ensuring 24 hours production with only a few human supervisors.
Originally posted 2018-09-30 11:50:47.
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