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SCIENTISTS PREDICT THE BEST ROCK THAT WOULD SHOW EVIDENCE OF LIFE ON MARS

Gray and White RobotWhite Outer Space Satellite

According to science journal source, Dr. McMahon and co-authors determined that sedimentary rocks made of compacted mud or clay are the most likely to contain fossils.

The like of such rock has been classified as the iron-rich rocks near ancient lake sites on Mars.  They are the most promising and best understood astropaleontological targets. They are rocks rich in iron and mineral called silica that helps in fossils preservation.

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The rocks are believed to have formed during the Noachian and Hesperian Period which is between 3 to 4 billion years ago. During the above period, Mars is believed to have been covered with water at its surface which means there could be a possibility of life on the planet during that time. The author said that the rocks are much better preserved than those of the same age on earth.

Some planets have the movement of huge rocky slabs that form the crust of some planets which means they are subject to Plate Tectonics and such reaction could destroy the rocks and fossils in the planets over time.

Based on the lab report obtained by scientists on the reviewed studies of fossils on Earth which were used to replicate the condition of Mars, was able to identify the most promising sites on the planet to explore for traces of ancient life.

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According to the Journal of Geophysical Research publication on May 2, the planets and their conditions could help NASA to be well-equipped in the search for evidence of life in Mars. The NASA’s next rover mission to Mars will focus basically for the finding of the possibility that life once existed on Mars.

Meanwhile, other space research agencies such as the European Space Agency are planning for a similar mission as well. However, the appearance of the planet and its environment are revealing a promising result.

According to DR. McMahon “ There are many interesting rock and mineral outcrops on Mars where we would like to search for fossils, but since we can’t send rovers to all of them we have tried to prioritize the most promising deposits based on the best available information,”

Mars had been a focus planet for space research after the moon due to its closeness to the Earth and its similarities with the earth. It is one of the planets believed to have sustained life in the past or that there may be living somewhere in it.

The fiction of Alien beings in Mars had been based on the planet similarities to the earth such as water, weather conditions, temperature, and stable atmosphere, etc. scientists still believe that more research needs to be done in the planet to clear human doubt and ensure we are not living with aliens as neighbors.

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The few rocks obtained in the planet are now undergoing extensive laboratory tests to know their age, components and if they have any trace of fossils in them which could prove that life once existed in the planet.

The achievements made so far in drones and artificial intelligence machines will add to the space research operations. There hopes that many places in the space can now be accessed through drones with artificial intelligence to obtain the needed data to the astronauts.

 

stock photo, crater, volcano, planet, landscapes, mars, cinders, maui, nationalpark, haleakala

 

Originally posted 2018-06-01 13:36:12.

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